Portrait of James A. Lovell, Jr.

James Lovell navigated to the Moon and back twice. He served as command module pilot on Apollo 8, the first mission to the Moon, and as spacecraft commander on Apollo 13, the aborted lunar landing mission.

All three astronauts helped navigate the Apollo 8 spacecraft, but Lovell was responsible for getting it to the Moon and back. Among the tools Lovell used was a sextant, much like those once used by mariners at sea.

Caption:
James Lovell was an Apollo astronaut who navigated to the Moon and back twice.
Type: Photograph
Image Date: ca. 1968
Credit: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) via National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Origin: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution
NASM 2B17624 (167624)
Navigators & Inventors
Innovations
 
James Lovell was an Apollo astronaut who navigated to the Moon and back twice.